In April 2015 we took a look at a years worth of branded vulnerabilities, separating out those that mattered from those that didn’t. Six months have passed so let’s take this opportunity to update the report with the new vulnerabilities that mattered across all Red Hat products.
ABRT (April 2015) CVE-2015-3315:
ABRT (Automatic Bug Reporting Tool) is a tool to help users to detect defects in applications and to create a bug report. ABRT was vulnerable to multiple race condition and symbolic link flaws. A local attacker could use these flaws to potentially escalate their privileges on an affected system to root.
This issue affected Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 and updates were made available. A working public exploit is available for this issue. Other products and versions of Enterprise Linux were either not affected or not vulnerable to privilege escalation.
JBoss Operations Network open APIs (April 2015) CVE-2015-0297:
Red Hat JBoss Operations Network is a middleware management solution that provides a single point of control to deploy, manage, and monitor JBoss Enterprise Middleware, applications, and services. The JBoss Operations Network server did not correctly restrict access to certain remote APIs which could allow a remote, unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary Java methods. We’re not aware of active exploitation of this issue. Updates were made available.
“Venom” (May 2015) CVE-2015-3456:
Venom was a branded flaw which affected QEMU. A privileged user of a guest virtual machine could use this flaw to crash the guest or, potentially, execute arbitrary code on the host with the privileges of the host’s QEMU process corresponding to the guest.
A number of Red Hat products were affected and updates were released. Red Hat products by default would block arbitrary code execution as SELinux sVirt protection confines each QEMU process.
“LogJam” (May 2015) CVE-2015-4000:
TLS connections using the Diffie-Hellman key exchange protocol were found to be vulnerable to an attack in which a man-in-the-middle attacker could downgrade vulnerable TLS connections to weak cryptography which could then be broken to decrypt the connection.
Like Poodle and Freak, this issue is hard to exploit as it requires a man in the middle attack. We’re not aware of active exploitation of this issue. Various packages providing cryptography were updated.
BIND DoS (July 2015) CVE-2015-5477:
A flaw in the Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND) allowed a remote attacker to cause named (functioning as an authoritative DNS server or a DNS resolver) to exit, causing a denial of service against BIND.
This issue affected the versions of BIND shipped with all versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux. A public exploit exists for this issue. Updates were available the same day as the issue was public.
libuser privilege escalation (July 2015) CVE-2015-3246:
The libuser library implements a interface for manipulating and administering user and group accounts. Flaws in libuser could allow authenticated local users with shell access to escalate privileges to root.
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 and 7 were affected and updates available same day as issue was public. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 was affected and a mitigation was published. A public exploit exists for this issue.
Firefox lock file stealing via PDF reader (August 2015) CVE-2015-4495:
A flaw in Mozilla Firefox could allow an attacker to access local files with the permissions of the user running Firefox. Public exploits exist for this issue, including as part of Metasploit, and targeting Linux systems.
This issue affected Firefox shipped with versions of Red Hat Enterprise Linux and updates were available the next day after the issue was public.
Firefox add-on permission warning (August 2015) CVE-2015-4498:
Mozilla Firefox normally warns a user when trying to install an add-on if initiated by a web page. A flaw allowed this dialog to be bypassed.
This issue affected Firefox shipped with Red Hat Enterprise Linux versions and updates were available the same day as the issue was public.
The issues examined in this report were included because they were meaningful. This includes the issues that are of a high severity and are likely easy to be exploited (or already have a public working exploit), as well as issues that were highly visible or branded (with a name or logo), regardless of their severity.
Between 1 April 2015 and 31 October 2015 for every Red Hat product there were 39 Critical Red Hat Security Advisories released, addressing 192 Critical vulnerabilities. Aside from the issues in this report which were rated as having Critical security impact, all other issues with a Critical rating were part of Red Hat Enterprise Linux products and were browser-related: Firefox, Chromium, Adobe Flash, and Java (due to the browser plugin).
Our dedicated Product Security team continue to analyse threats and vulnerabilities against all our products every day, and provide relevant advice and updates through the customer portal. Customers can call on this expertise to ensure that they respond quickly to address the issues that matter. Hear more about vulnerability handling in our upcoming virtual event: Secure Foundations for Today and Tomorrow.